The flu or the common cold is a popular disease

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The flu or the common cold is a popular disease that everyone has a chance of getting.

Man blowing his nose while lying sick in bed

What is a cold?

Colds are a common disease that affects people of all ages and genders throughout the year. Especially during the winter or when the weather changes. In Thailand at present, it is found that colds can spread throughout the year. Because Thailand changes weather conditions all the time. It makes it easier for many people to catch colds. But even the common cold is an infection in the upper respiratory tract, that is, the part above the vocal cords in the windpipe up to the throat and nose. But when you have a cold Each patient will have different symptoms. Depends on the severity of symptoms physical strength and causes of disease

Types of colds

Colds are divided into two types: Colds caused by viruses. This occurs in about 80% of colds and colds caused by bacteria. which was found only in a small part Colds caused by viruses often cause patients to have a runny nose, cough, irritation or sore throat, and may also have a hoarse voice. As for bacterial colds, the symptoms usually include swollen tonsils. or have pus spots The lymph nodes under the front jaw are swollen and painful when pressed. There is a fever (more than 38 degrees Celsius), but there is no cough. In this article We will be talking mainly about colds that are caused by viruses.

Causes of colds 

For viral colds, there are more than 200 types of cold viruses. Each time the disease occurs, it is caused by a new type of cold virus. It continues to circulate like this. The flu virus is found in the mucus, saliva, and phlegm of patients. Can be transmitted through coughing, sneezing, breathing together, or touching patient secretions.

Symptoms of the common cold

As already mentioned, the common cold is an infection of the upper respiratory tract, that is, the part above the vocal cords in the windpipe. all the way to the throat and nose, so the symptoms found can be traced to various organs as follows

  • In the nose there will be mucus, stuffy nose, burning nose, sneezing.
  • In the throat, you may have a sore throat, itchy throat, irritated throat, dry cough or cough with a little mucus, a red throat, enlarged, red, or pus-filled tonsils.
  • In the upper bronchi, there is sputum, hoarseness, and voice change.

In addition, some patients may have other symptoms besides respiratory symptoms, such as fever, aches and pains, fatigue, nausea, headache, dizziness, loss of appetite, diarrhea, etc.

Complications from the common cold

Patients with the common cold may experience other complications depending on their underlying disease. or physical conditions that cause the possibility of infection in other parts of the body as well, such as sinusitis, ear infections, bronchitis and pneumonia, asthma, convulsions from high fever, etc. Report from